The Ethnic in Irian jaya

Tree House Expedition Korowai & Kombai Tribe

The discovery of the Korowai & Kombai tribe by the outsid was even more recent than that of the Baliem Valley people, occuring as recently as 25 years ago. The Korowai and Kombai populate the lowland rainforest of south central Papua, a region that sits between 100 and 200 meters above the sea level. Due to the very recent exposure to outside influence, the Korowai and Kombai tribes are not as open and welcoming to tourist as the Yali, Dani and Lani for example. They remain on guard suspecious of ways different to their own. This does of course make for an exiting and truly adventurous visit flyiong by chartered Cesna from Jayapura or Wamena to Yaniruma and trekking into Korowai or Kombai county by foot and canoe. The Korowai and Kombai live in tree house usualy built between six and 25 metres above ground bu they can be as high as 50 metres in tif tribal conf;lict. Stone and bone tools are the standard here, surely one of the last remaining cultures in the world which use these instruments as a matter of course. Any serious primitive art colector heavely prizes a Korowai and Kombai stone axe. These people also make heavy use of flying fox, Dog and pig bones for body decoration. They exsist byhunting and gathering in a similar fashion to the Asmat Tribe. Here are people usually completely naked (maybe a leaf), fully immersed in anture and with no apparent interest in anything other that what they already have.
ORANGUTAN TOUR

Many of past clients call this is a "magical trip". We will take you to meet one of the human's closest living relatives in animal kingdoms: Orangutan (pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus sp.) living free at their natural home at Camp Leakey, Tanjung Harapan and Pondok Tanguy stations inside the misty rain forest surrounded by proboscis monkeys, macaques, gibbons, birds including the giant hornbills and other exotic flora and fauna. You will explore the quit river on a traditional boat ( "African Queen" river boat style) and having some short walk around the stations. In the peaceful afternoon, we silently cruise the river to watch the Proboscis "Pinocchio" monkeys (nasalis larvatus), birds and other animals playing in trees on the riverbanks while you enjoying your afternoon tea in the roof of the boat. Overnight will be on the 2 x 6 meter wide boat with simple toilet, thin mattresses, pillow, healthy meals, water available on board, in order to get better change to watch the animals' activities in the early morning. No adventure experiences required in this wonderful trip.
Exotic Borneo

Borneo is also the home of many national parks and an abundance of tropical wildlife and nature. Two of the most popular parks are Mulu National Park in Sarawak and Mount Kinabalu in Sabah. Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan, Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak are multi-cultural states. Brunei Darussalam is an independent country. Kalimantan, which is part of the Republic of Indonesia forms the largest part of Borneo. Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, and Kalimantan are inhabited by several different ethnic groups. Many interesting cultural festivals and celebrations are taking place throughout the year. Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan, Brunei
Paradise Found – Derawan Island
Did you ever dream about your own "Robinson Crusoe Island"? Spending your holiday far away from civilisation, away from stress, noise and every-day-life? We found paradise, located northeast of Indonesian Kalimantan (Borneo) in the Celebes Sea. Next to Derawan, Sangalaki and Maratua - better known by divers - the protected Nabucco Island with a size of only 20.000 m2 offers pure nature. This is the home of one of the last populations of coconut crabs as well as many other very rare species. While doing trips to Maratua you can also see apes, bats, and diverse species of birds in their natural environment.
First Contact Expedition “ P a p u a “
West Papua forms the western half of the large island widely known as New Guinea. Administratively part of Indonesia, West Papua is officially known as Irian Jaya. To experience West Papua is to embark on a voyage into one of humanity's deepest mysteries. This far-away and little known island lies like a curled infant in the lap of Mother Nature. West Papua is home to the most ethnologically primitive cultures on Earth. No less than 25% of the world's languages are spoken here and obviously you will find a vast display of tribes and tribal customs. These are people largely unaffected by the strictures of the modern world as we know it; a race adapted to daily life solely through their basic survival elements. The land of the Papuans is home to an incredibly diverse, rich and unique flora and fauna. No less than 85% of the island is covered by rainforest, much if it primary and untouched by man. Other prevailing ecosystems include steamy mangrove forest and savannah right through to alpine highlands with snow-capped mountains. Wildlife abounds and includes some of the most interesting creatures known to man. This also holds true with the magical beauty of West Papua's coastal underwater world, which hosts some truly amazing coral reefs. Our singular appreciation and understanding of this island not only allows you the opportunity to visit and appreciate this most primitive of lands, but we also present you with the opportunity to experience and explore a completely unique human reality which can deepen your own sense of being and purpose. Root cultures such as those found in Papua hold an appreciation of deep earth secrets that can be shared only through direct experience. These are humans intrinsically interwoven with the natural fabric of their environment. Many parts of West Papua still remain largely unexplored by peering, inquisitive western eyes and minds. For example, it has only been around 60 years since the outside world fell upon the tribes that inhabit the Baliem Valley in West Papua. The Korowai tribes were only discovered 25 years ago and other areas remain completely unexplored. There remains a tremendous gap between those of us raised in western society and the most primitive people still alive on earth. If you are an individual who enjoys the exploration of this mysterious human condition you would certainly find a visit to West Papua immensely rewarding. Equally, if you simply enjoy and appreciate environments totally different from your own, then West Papua is surely for you.
The Dani & Lani
Wamena Baliem Valley (Neoloithic Farmers & Stone Age Culture ) The Baliem valley was once dubbed Shangri-La and it is easy to see why. The valley is incredibly lush and is surrounded on all side by towering peaks of 2.500 to 3.000 metres. The fertility is such that the valley has been farmed for 9.000 years but it was only discovered by westerners in 1938. There are three remain tribes inhabitinb the Baliem Valley, The Dani in thye base, the Lani to the west and the Yali in the south-east. Each tribe hasa distinct culture. One sure and interesting way to distiguish between the tribes ins from the Koteka, or penis guard, sported by the male members. The men of each tribe tent to the growing of the guard with the three tribes each cultivating a different style. The Dani use a long think Koteka. The Lani sport a medium sized, wide cannon-llike guard and thre Yali wear the longest of all. The Dani. Entering Dani teritory involves a journey ionto a deeper reality. The inevitable pig-feast on arrival is your rite of passage in their unique culture for an engrossing a four or five hour intense ewxperience. You will find yourself in a simple, traditional compound surrounded by fully reased and painted Dani tribes- people wearing their ceremonial best. The whole elaborate affair is deeply spritual, far more than a photo-session can ever capture. Here you will be warmly greeted by the amazing Chief Yali, Kelly’s adoptive father who is lagendary amongest the Dani for his kindness, generosity and skill in the art ofco-peration and avoiding conflict. With this unique and privileged connection you will receive the full weigh of Dani hospitality. The Lani. Like the Dani, the Lani are expert farmers utilisinmg a highluy effective and efecient irrigation system to produce abvundant crops of sweet potatoes (ubi), Tobacco, Beans, Taro, Spinach, Sugar Cane and Bananas. Much of the Lani lands lie in a beautiful oasis interspersed with chekerboad patterned sweet potatoes gardens. The Lani are more stockily built than the medium-bodied Dani and theid land are more densely populated. They tend to congregate in largish village rather than the smal;l compounds which dominate Dani territory. The weather in the valley is predominantlty sunny and trekking along the river amidst the terrace and wondrous forest is a trekker’s paradise. Trail;s are usually clear and maintained as local people travel them and this make the trekking pretty comfortable.
Kosarek-Angguruk/Rattan People
East and south of papau are the people who have rectangular houses and whose men wear “skirts” of rattan hoopps, their penis guords protruding from underneath. Bondering the Yali on the east are the Kim Yal people who practised cannibalism up untill 1970s. The Yali tribe lives high up along the valley ridges in the Jayapura mountains. The land here is rugged and thinly populated. The tribes-people live in wooden huts with roots made of tree-bark and they are grouiped into small compounds. A vegetable garden and dense rainforest will surround each compound. Treeking in the Yali area is more stremous than in the lower reaches of the Valley but it is perfect for the fit trakker who wants to experience truly virgin rainforest and the unique people who live amidstit in summary. The Baliem Valley will provide a never to be forgotten experience. The inhabitants of the valley are essentially peace-loving agrarian who welcome visitors whole hertadly.
ASMAT TRIBE - IRIAN JAYA
Asmat is probably the most well known tribe in Papua (formerly called Irian Jaya). They become famous not only through their head-hunting practices in the past, but also because of their unique ideas and wonderful designs in woodcarving. The name most probably comes from the Asmat words As Akat, which according to Asmat people means "the right man". Moreover, it's also said that Asmat comes from the word Osamat that means "man from tree". The Asmat's neighbors to the west, the Mimika, however, claim the name is derived from their word for the tribe- "manue", meaning "man eater". Natives of the region are divided into two main groups; those living along the coasts, and those in the interior. They differ in dialect, way of life, social structure, and ceremonies. The coastal rivers are further divided into two groups, the Bisman people between the Sinesty and Nin Rivers, and the Simai people. Around 70,000 Asmat, the area's largest tribe, are scattered in 100 villages in a territory of roughly 27,000 square km live in a huge tidal swamp land. The tribe was untouched by civilization until recent times. Dutch outpost, missionary settlements, and foreign expeditions finally made in road on this isolated culture during the 1950 and 60's. Formerly, the families of the entire tribe resided together in houses up to 28 meters long called yeus. Yeus still used, but not only by men, as clubhouse where bachelors sleep. Upriver Asmat still live in longhouses, some even construct houses in treetops. The Asmat live on sago, their staple, as well as mussels, snails, and fat insect larvae collected from decaying stumps of sago palms. These last are eaten to the accompaniment of throbbing drums and ritual dances; larvae feast can sometimes last up to two weeks. The Asmat also gather forest products such as rattan, catch fish and shrimp in large hoop nets. THE LAND Almost the entire Asmat region is covered in water during the rainy season, when high tide reaches up to two km inland and low tide flows up to two km out to sea. This is the largest alluvial swamp in the world, a low-lying stone less territory of bog forest and meandering rivers emptying into the Arafura sea. FLORA & FAUNA In the rivers swarm with shrimp, fish, lobster, crab, fresh water dolphin, sea snake and crocodiles. Living along the banks are lizards, that grow longer than the Komodo dragon. The forests contain palms, ironwood, merak wood, and mangroves, and are home for crown pigeons, hornbills, and cockatoos. There are grass meadows, and flowers like the Dedrobium orchid. CLIMATE The climate is hot and humid. The rainy season stretches from October to May, with an average of 40 cm of precipitation each year. The east monsoon season runs from April to June, west monsoons strike December to March.
Raja Ampat “ Papua “
GRAND LAND AND SEA ADVENTURE OF RAJA AMPAT “ P A P U A “ Raja Ampat Land And Sea Expedition with the following routing offered: Sorong – Dampier Strasse – Kawe – Waijag – Uranie – Waigeo – Asia – Bud Please find bellow a shot explanation about Land and Sea Adventure in Raja Ampat, Sorong - Papua This trip will leave you with impressions of the Indo-Pacific and Pacific sea. Untouched landscapes and massive coral banks dominate in this thinly populated region. The map below shows the different diving or snorkeling areas the Equator offers diving . The Equator Expedition team explored many dive and snorkel sites for macro-enthusiasts and the divers keen to see big fish, all around the Equator. This sea adventure will offers the opportunity to dive or snorkel well-known dives or snorkel spots as well as unexplored dive or snorkel sites. The variety of the isles is immense. Right on the Equator and very close to the island of Kawe, there is a little island called Batu Jamur. This rocky peak that stands out of the sea is an el dorado for every macro freak. Tunica's, Feather stars, Nude braches as well as bigger species like Napoleon wrasse, Murray eels and epaulet sharks can be observed. North of the Equator lies the archipelago of Waijag. Many different outlying islands offer wonderful coral gardens and many different fishes. Experienced divers will acknowledge the difference between the Indo pacific and the Pacific undersea world. While diving you'll be meeting sleeping nurse sharks. On the northern side of the island of Uranie you can admire gray reef sharks, barracudas and schools of sleeping surgeon fish in a huge cave. North of Waigeo lie three huge atolls of Asia, Aiu and Bud. Steep slopes covered by fantastic corals are just waiting to be seen. The northern shore of Waigeo with its hidden bays and pinnacles promises the most spectacular impressions to the diver during this cruise. The Dampier Street with its many, many coral banks offers a diversity of species, that leaves nothing to be desired. Land Adventure: Zodiac tours all around the fantastic islands, trips to absolutely untouched beaches, exploring the labyrinth of the Waijag archipelago. Climbing Mount Edi and Mount Peter is an exciting challenge for all our trekking freaks. Observing frigate birds while they're looking for a nice place to sleep, are some of the highlights on land.
Mamberamo
This trek takes you into the heart of Papua's deepest mysteries, one of the few remaining areas on earth where only a handful of intrepid adventures have dared to go. The Mamberamo River is the Amazon of Papua. Weaving its way through vast territories of virtually unexplored terrain. Within it's watery reaches there live tribes, who to this day remain almost completely un-contacted by the outside world. Initially traveling by boat up through the rivers in Waropen, then trekking over the Van Rees Mountains and finally reaching the upper Tariku (eastern Mamberamo) River. The river trip down the Mamberamo is undertaken by motorized canoe. Small tributary rivers lead into the tribal villages where you will encounter some of the most isolated people on the planet. With trips to Papua, especially when exploring areas like the Mamberamo you learn to expect the unexpected. Like raw nature it is a dynamic place of constant change. So, it is essential for those to be open minded and flexible about the itinerary. click here for Expedition - Waropen/Maberamo "Land of the Unexpected" itinerary. In this day and age of global communication, advanced technology and high speed travel, there are still pockets of humanity who have had “no contact” with the outside world.
Papua Birding
In such a country and among such a people, are found these wonderful productions of Nature, the birds of paradise, whose exquisite beauty of form and color and strange developments of plumage are calculated to excite the wonders and admiration of the most civilized and most intellectual of mankind, and to furnish inexhaustible materials for study to naturalist, and for speculation to the philosopher." Alfred Russel Wallace, The Malay Archipelago, 1869 West Papua (previously known as Irian Jaya) offers some of the best birding in the world. Located on the western half of the island of New Guinea, West Papua still provides enormous unexplored areas. The region harbors several endemics of the elusive Birds of Paradise, Bowerbirds, Cassowaries, Kingfishers, the largest Pigeons in the world, Cockatoos, Parrots, etc. Scientists have recently (2006) again discovered new species of birds, flora and fauna. The land is very rich in plantlife, many species of orchids and a paradise for marsupials, such as the Tree Kangaroos, Bandicoots, Ring-tailed possums, Cuscuses and Wallabies. Reptiles include many species of Snakes, Crocodiles, Sea Turtles such as the giant Leatherback, Frill-necked and Monitor Lizards and the longest Varanid species on the planet. Dugongs may be found offshore and the Spiny Anteater inhabits the interior. Insect life is abundant, many colorful butterflies and hosts over 800 species of spiders alone. The Province offers unspoilt, world-class underwater marine life, the best in the world according to Conservation international marine survey 2001
**** Carstensz Pyramid ( 50850 M ) *** Trikora Mountain ( 4750 M )
If we attempts to define exotic, then we may begin with Papua, Irian Jaya. For in the lush jungles of Baliem Valley we meet the Dani tribesmen, our guides and friends, who were first introduced to the westerners in 1960’s. This perhaps the most interesting climb Alpine Ascents offers weaving a deeply influencing cultural experience with challenging rock climb.

Located in the western central highland, Carstensz Pyramid is the highest mountain on the Oceanic continent. We arrive by charter flight where local Dani porters welcome us into their village and lead us through the exquisite countryside. After crossing this wild terrain we encounter Carstensz in much the same way as the first Dutch explorer. As Papua or Irian Jaya has had relative western influence, the ‘ Stone Age’ Dani life style and rituals have able to do a somewhat authentic manner. One representation of Traditional culture is man their dress as a women are clothed in grass skirts and men in holism. Unlike the other seven summits Carstensz is a rock climb of moderate difficult for short step but most of the climbing is scrambling). While all short technical will have fixed lines, climber should possess basic rock climbing skills. Our Papua expedition proved to be fantastic all-around experience and each climb culms with 100% summit success.

****Jan Carstensz, explorer who was the first European to sight the peak.

**** Heinrich Harre, the first Foreigner to reach the peak (1962). His book, I come from the Stone Age

****Cartstensz Pyramid ( Mountain Climbing( Seven Summits Carstensz Pyramid, (50850 m ) 18 Days – 17 Nights

*** Mount Trikora ( 4.750 m ) – Excursion into the Botanical Paradise of Papua Higlands 10 Days – 9 Nights


Carstensz Pyramid or Puncak Jaya (victory Peak) as Indonesians call it, is located in the western central highlands and is the highest Oceana, Australiasia Continent. The mountain was named after Jan Carstensz, explores who was the first European to sigh the peak. In 1962, Heinrich Harre, he first foreigner to reach the pea. His book, I come From the Stone Age,

Seram rain forests
Seram is one of the most distinctive islands in the Indonesian island chain known as the Moluccas. Sixteen of Seram’s 200+ bird species are endemic. This ecoregion also is home to the Moluccas’ largest bird, the two-wattled cassowary. Special Features At the center of Seram is a cluster of mountain ranges, with several peaks reaching more than 3,280 feet (1,000 m). This ecoregion contains tropical lowland evergreen, semi-evergreen, and montane forest types. Rattans (climbing palms) that exceed 328 feet (100 m) in height can be found in mature forests, with sedges and large ferns present as well. At the highest elevations, an open scrubby woodland or grassland dominates. The male cassowary has an important role to play in rearing a family: It alone incubates the eggs and stays with the young birds until they are about nine months old. Wild Side The two-wattled cassowary is a large, black, flightless bird, named for the two fleshy wattles (flaps of skin) on its neck. Its best-known cousin is the Australian emu. Although cassowaries are active during the day and sleep at night, strong moonlight will cause them to wake and become active. Five bird species on Seram are considered threatened: the Moluccan scrubfowl, black-chinned monarch, salmon-crested cockatoo, purple-naped lory, and lazuli kingfisher. No less than 37 mammal species live in these moist forests as well, including several species of melomys rat, the spiny Seram rat, and the Ambon flying fox (a bat).
The First Contact Expedition "TOGUTIL"
"My name is Kasian and I am the shaman of the Ohonganamanyawa tribe, which means the people of the forest. Outsiders call us the Togutil. We live in the sacred forest of Almaheira in Indonesia. I have never ventured beyond my native land. The forest is the very source of our lives; it is our be-all and end-all. It offers us everything we need. It is a familiar place, inhabited by spirits who educate, forewarn and feed us. It is also dangerous: many different snakes live here and I do not have all the remedies against their mortal bites. We have to be highly vigilant during the hours spent hunting and fishing. The forest, the land and the water belong to our ancestors and are under their control. In our society, the roles are clearly defined. The role of women is to give life. They also plant, gather, cook and they educate the children. The role of men is to take lives. We hunt, we fish and we collect bark from certain trees to make our loincloths. As a mediator between the world of the dead and the world of the living, I am in touch with spirits and I try to foster harmony in the universe. I know the spiritual powers of medicinal plants as well as their physical properties. I call up spirits to heal the sick and to help them get well. Our world is changing fast, and it will soon be too late to pass what we know onto you. Strangers from the other islands are invading the forest. They have no respect for it, they destroy it and are full of scorn for those who depend on it. They steal the rich resources of our Mother Land. Tell me: in a few years what will be left for our children, what will be left ?"
The First Contact Expedition " THE MASUANE" 

Between Borneo and New Guinea, the Moluccus archipelago is one of the lesser known provinces of Indonesia. The heart of the island of Ceram is where the Musuane live. They are a nomadic tribe and travel constantly throughout their mountainous surroundings. Their knowledge of the seasons, plants and animals allows them to move about in perfect harmony with their environment. They do not waste the bounty of natural resources around them, but they use what is around them with energy and respect. The sago tree is the staple food of the Masuane When the tree is about fifteen years old, the Masuane cut it down and pound the inside to crush the fibers and obtain flour with high carbohydrate content. The sago palm gives them three times more calories than any other plant food in the forest based on the time it takes to collect it. Six hundred pounds of sago can be harvested and prepared in ten days, enough food to fulfill the needs of an adult for an entire year. The Masuane use every part of the sago tree. The bark is used to build the flooring and walls of their homes. The rainproof leaves are used to construct the roof, the smaller leaves to weave ropes, baskets and backpacks ... Hunting and gathering is what life is all about. The rest of theirtime is spent dancing, signing and telling stories. The Masuane believe they become ill because they are out of sync, or out of favor with the forest. They are 'cured' when their shaman brings them back into balance with nature. But the overwhelming desire for immediate profit on the part of the Indonesian government is destroying one of the planet's riches and most beautiful environments along with its caretakers, the Masuane. The government wants to turn their forest into rice paddies. What about the aspirations of the Masuane for their own future ? Sadly, with each encampment of Masuane that disappears, an immense amount of traditional knowledge vanishes along with it.

Titre: The Ethnic in Irian jaya
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Ecrit par Eko Harwanto

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Posted by: Eko harwanto Voyageindo, Updated at: 17:48:00