What to visit in Toraja

TORAJA

Located at 2º - 3º N and 199º E on the northern of South Sulawesi, its territory covers around 3.204,77 km2.

The territory boundaries

In the North: Mamuju ad Luwu

In the South: Enrekang and Pinrang

In the East: Luwu

In the west: Mamasa



1. BATU TUMONGA

It is around 1300 m above sea level in Sesean with cold climate. There are 56 menhirs in a circle with five trees in it. Most of the menhirs are twice until three times in height. Its wonderful scenery over Rantepao and the valleys around is not only can bee seen but also it is interesting to be visited.

2. BORI

The main tourism is Rante (a place of traditional funeral with menhir or megalith), in torajan it is called as Simuang Batu. 102 stunning menhirs consist of 24 huge stones, 24 medium stone and the remaining 54 menhirs are smaller. The size of the menhirs has a same lore value. The difference is on the situation and the condition of its moulding, for instance about the time, the financial, and the society. Megalith / Simbuang Batu will be made if the society headman died and the funeral is held in Rapasan Sapurandanan (there are 24 slaughtered buffaloes). The Rante Kalimbuang began in 1657 in funeral of Ne’Ramba, with 100 slaughtered buffaloes and two Simbuang Batu.

In 1807, in the funeral of Ne’Padda, 5 Simbuang Batu was built, and 200 buffaloes were slaughtered. There were 100 slaughtered bufalloes and 3 Simbuang Batu in Nu’lende’s

Since 1907 and in the funeral of the late Lai Datu (Ne’ Kase’), a lot of Simbuang Batu has been built in huge, medium, small size. The hugest and the highest Simbuang Batu was built in 1935. The last Simbuang Batu was in the Funeral of the late Sa’pang (ne’lai) in 1962.

In the site of Rante Kalimbuang there are some things that are related with the funeral, such as:

1. Lakkian, funeral rites in Rante

2. Balakkayan, the stage to share the meat

3. Sarigan or the Langi’ bier, as the haven of Saringan

4. Liang Pa’/ carved stone grave.

3. BUNTAO

Buntao is a riveting village to be visited in market day. It has Patane, a grave with the shape of torajan house. A lot of old graves are on the hill around the village.

4. BUNTU KALANDO

The tourism object is Tongkonen Puang Sangalla, which is used as museum and home stay. It is located in Kaero, Sanggala, and 20 km from Rantepao. Buntu Kalando has Tando Tananan Kaero Tongkonan Layuk, as a dwelling place of Puang Sangalla. This Tongkonan was built with 3 rice barns (alang Sura’)

Buntu Kalanda, as Tongkonan Tananan Lantangna kaero Tongkonan Layuk, is furnished with plenty of horns, like buffalo’s, deer’s, and dwarf buffalo’s. They are put in front of the Tongkonan with two Kabongo, Kabingi’bonga and Kabongo’ pudu. There is also a Katik that is set above it. Katik has Langkan Maega (the eagle), the symbol of grandeur.

As the museum, the collection of Tongkonan consist of:

 Piece of apparatus of Sanggala’s

 Grandeur Clothes

 Historical stuff

 Period Piece

 Rites Relics

 Agricultural Equipment

 Kitchen Set

 Meals Set

 Beverages Set

 Occult things

5. BUNTU PUNE

It is located 3 km from the southern of Ke’te Kesu. Buntu Pune is a settlement that was built by Pong Maramba in 1880. it is the center of the government after becoming Parengnge’ in Kesu and Tikala. There are some rice barns and Tongkonan, which are moved from the hill and slope of Rock Mountain. It is built exclusively the house of the former torajan alike. A lot of reconnaissance spot and the natural site make this place is out of the reach of the adversary. Buntu Pune is sustained of the rubble background. On its wall there are many caves, which is used as the graveyard of the ancestor. We can see a plenty of Erong (ancient coffin) in the pits. There are also Patane (cement grave) in the top of stone rock, which was made in 1918. It is still used until now. Buntu Pune is preserved and as prehistorical, bygone, and ancient in South And South East Sulawesi. Archaeological Shelter.

6. GALUGA DUA

Tongkonan Laukna Galuga Dua is a tongkonan, which is used as a court. This court is a tribunal for breaking of the law and become the responsibility of To’Perengnge. It is an exchange of view center of headman from Tongkonan Galuga Dua in order to make plan. It is located 12 Km in the northern of Rantepao. Two sons of Galuga built Tongkonan Puang Galuga Dua in 1189. The first son built Tongkonan Papabannu and the second built Banau Sura. Tongkonan Layukna Galuga is not only as family tongkonan but also as weave center with a great deal of motif based on the needs and unique torajan ornament. Some of the motif of the weave are Pamiring Weave for woman Sarong, Sappa Weave for man trousers, Paramba Weave for blanket, Paruki’ for table cloth, wall decoration and furniture, Lando Weave (tombi) for Rambu Solo’ parti or Sapu Randanan.

7. KAMBIRA / THE GRAVE OF BABY

A death baby who has not got teeth will be buried inside of a life tree. The tree is kind of Tarra’ wood. The age of wood that is used is ± 300 years old.

The procedure of this funeral is

- The baby is wrapped with white cloth, which has been used when it was on the lap

- The family gives a sign to the wood tree that is going to be used as grave (Ma’tanda kayu)

- The hole that is made can not be put opposite of the house

- Prepare the cover of the grave from stem of sugar palm (Kulimbung Ijuk)

- Make the Tana’ Karurung (dowel) from palm fiber of sugar palm based on the social level. 12 Tana’ Karurung for nobility, 8 Tana’ Karurung for middle level, and 6 Tana’ Karurung for lower level.

- Ma’kadende, is the making of palm fiber from palm before it is brought to the grave, a hog is slaughtered in front of the house and then it is brought to the grave with bier. On the graveyard, the hog is cooked in a bamboo (piong) without any salt or another spice. After that, the corpse is brought with these requirement:

- It is brought by lapping

- All the man and women have to be covered with cloth

- It is not allowed to talk, look at to the right, left or back.

When the corpse arrives in graveyard, it is carried and put into the hole of the tree. Its position is kneeling down. The grave is closed with Kulimbang dowelling it (di ta’na) based on the status, covered with palm fiber and tied with Kadende (rope of palm fiber).

During this ceremony, no body is allowed to talk. After Ma’taketek papiong is done (open the bamboo with the meat of hog inside), all people can start to have a word.

8. KE’TE’ KESU’

Ke’te’ Kesu’ is a popular tourism that has been known by domestic and foreign tourist since 1979. It is located in Bonoran, 4 Km from Rantepao, which has been determined as cultural preserve with 290 as its registration number. It has to be kept from harm. Ke’te’ Kesu’ is so stunning because it consists of original torajan traditional house. There are some Tongkonan with its rice barn (Alang Sura’).

The tongkonan, which is from the ancestor Puang ri Kesu’, is used as a place to discusse, exchange of mind, determine and carry out the rules, both of Aluk and Pemali. They are useas rules of life in Kesu’ and in whole territory of Tana Toraja. It is called as Sanda Pitunna (7777). There are also funeral ceremony (rante), ancient grave (liang) and modern grave with torajan motif, residence, plantation and winsome rice field. The tourist can also see the torajan craving.

9. LEMO BUNTANG

Lemo is graveyard with wall and statues (Tau – Tau). There are 75 ancient stone hole and 40 statues, which stand as the symbol of achievement, status and role of the nobility in Lemo. It is called Lemo because the model of the stone hole looks like a round and dot orange. Since 1960, it is visited by a lot of domestic and foreign tourist.

The visitors can spend their money (dollar, euro or rupiah) in souvenirs shops or just walk around to see the Pangi fruit, which is ready to be served. It is one of torajan traditional food, which is called as “Pantallo Pamarrasan”. Enjoy it

10. LO’KO MATA

Lo’ko Mata (lokomata) is on the slope of Sesean Mountain, 1400 Km above the sea level. It is a breathtaking, fantastic place. If someone come, see and then muse over this creation, there will be a feeling of yearning. Besides of it you can see the wonderful view and stream flow of a river in the edge of this natural grave, which is located ± 30 km from Rantepao.

Lo’ko Mata was given because there was a carved natural stone that looked like a head of human, but actually the grave of Lo’ko Mata that was called Dassi Dewata or the Bird of God, because there were many kind of birds which has always yearn for something glorious feathers on this grave. They had not only graceful but also frightening sound.

In the 14th Century (1480), there was a man who carved a giant stone for his Parents in law’s grave. They were Pong Raga and Randa Tasik (I). Then in 16th century (1675), the pit of Rang II was carved by Kombing and Lembang. In 17th century, it was made by Rubak and Datu Bua’. This grave is still used until this century. The area of Lo’Ko Mata is about 1 acre and there are 60 pits on it.

11. LOMBOK PARINDING

Erong Lombok Parinding grave is one of the interesting tourist trap because it has a unique and antique Erong. It is in Parindang Matampu, Sesean, 7 Km northern from Rantepao. Tomangli, a child of Bongga Tonapo and Datu Banua, a grand child of Palairan and Patodemmanik, used Lombok Parinding. They built a house and cultivated the rice field. Tomangli had eight children. His family member is growing in this day and age. If we look, give a thought and count the age of Erong Lombok patindang grave from His eight children, Tomongli was probably more than 700 years old.

That is the brief history about Erong Lombok Parinding Grace. We hope it is helpful for the tourist and can use is as information

12. LONDA

Just like Lemo, Londa is a graveyard with stonewall and the statues (tau –tau). Inside the cave there are a lot of skulls. Londa is an ancient natural grave. It is in Sandan Uai, Sanggalangi, and 7 Km southern from Rantepao. This hanging cave has a mystery. It is believe that there are a great quantity of Erong and full of bones and skull of the ancestors, Tau Tau . Tau tau is a sign that there are a lot of torajan as been buried with the greatest funeral ceremony in Tallulolo. These caves have a magnificent view in 1000 m inside. It is also can enjoyed with experienced and professional tour guide

There is a “fortress” in this cave. Patabang Bunga or Tarangenge, is located on the back of the cave. It is easy to go there because there is no problem with the road. One thing that someone has to be remembered, when he/she visit this palace, they must ask permission by bringing betel vine and flower. It is so taboo to take a move the bone, skull or the corpse inside this cave.

13. MAKALE

Makale is taken from word Makale. Some people said that all natives in Makale always get up early in the morning, before sun rises (Makale’). It is believed that people who get up earlier will get luck and fortune. Later, the pronunciations of Makale’ become Makale. Makale is the center of government. It is also known as a peaceful and contentment town. In the center of Makale there is a clear pond. There is much kind of fish. It is called as Makale.

On the hill, there is a tower of church. In the edge of valley is dominated by new government buildings. Most of them use the torajan traditional house design. It is full wit carved and curved roof. This town is connected west Toraja, Londa, Suaya and Sangalla. The activity center of this town is in the market. Because there are people who come from another place with their product such as animal, rag handcraft, basket and local handicraft.

14. MAKULA

Now days, excursion for most of citizen who live in computer and modern technology era, is not only as a complement but it has been a need. It makes brain and feeling relaxed. Because of it we ask you to visit Makula Hot Water Pond. It is 18 Km from Rantepao There are a hot water source, a house that has a tub with flow water from the source. In front of the house there is a small pond for children. It is filled with hot water from the back of the house. This place is really good to stay submerged after a long trip. You can enjoy the natural view when you come or leave this place. Have a great time and don’t forget to bring your family

15. MARANTE

Tondon, which was called as Mesa’ B’Bana Tondon Apa’ Tepona Padang, is Tondok Batu, Siba’ta, Kondo’ and Langi. Sangpulo dua Karopi’na is Tondon village which id led by two foremen. These two foremen who usually are called as Toparenge’ are Marante and Barang Bua’. Toparenge lead all the activities which are held by the society such as Rambu Tuka’ (thanksgiving), funeral ceremony, or even a meeting to determine the regulations in the society. Along with the technology and as Tana toraja was selected as one of the tourism in Indonesia, Marante becomes one of the tourist trap. It is on the strategic spot between Makassar and Palopo. It is not too far from Rantepao. It is about 4 Km. Beside of it, Marante hasa power attraction not only for the foreign tourist but also for the domestic one.

Marante has a lot of ancient historical things such as:

- Traditional House (tongkonan)

- Statues (Tau-Tau)

- Erong

- Stone Carved Grave

- Wood grave (Patane)

There are still many great views that can attract the tourist. All those above are brief history and power attraction of Marante.

16. NANGGAKA

Ages ago, there was a man, who came from Sesean Mountain called Tomando, started his journey. On the way he met a Tibembeng mountain girl who was known as Mangka Kalena’. Later, they got married and stayed in the east of Palawa village (now it is Kulmabu). The got a son named Datu Muane’ who married women named Lai Rangri. They lived and had children, grand children and found a village which also as a fortress. If there was a battle between the villager and there was an enemy who attacked and killed, his blood was drunk and his meat was cut into pieces (Pa’lawak) In the mid of 11th century, it was granted that Pa’lawak was changed became Palawa’. Palawa is also a name of resident. It is not meat anymore. It is replaced and called as Pa’lawa’ Manuk.


Now, there are eleven Tongkonan (traditional house). The order, which are seen from west side, are

- Tongkonan Salassa’, was built by Salassa’

- Tongkonan Buntu, was built by Ne’ Tatan

- Tongkonan Ne’ Niro was built by Patangke and Sampe Bungin

- Tongkonan Ne’Darre was buit by Ne’ Matasik

- Tongkonan Ne’ Sapea was built by Ne’ Sapiah

- Tongkonman Katile was built by Ne’Pipe

- Tongkonan Ne’ Malle was built by Ne’ Malle

- Tongkonan Sasana Budaya was built by Ne’ Malle

- Tongkonan Ba,ba II was built by Patampang

- Tongkonan Ne’babu was built by Ne’ Babu’

- Tongkonan bamba I was built by Ne’ Ta’pare

Just like all Tongkonan in Tana Toraja, Tongkonan Palawa also has Rante. So it is called as Rante Pa’padanuna and Stone Grave in Tiro Allo and Kamandi. Not only Tongkonan, but there are also five rice barns (Alung Sura’)

17. PANGLI, PATANE PONG MASSANGKA

Patane (a grave which was made with Torajan traditional house shape) was built in 1930. It was for a widow named Palindatu who died in 1920. There was the highest Torajan ceremony, which is called as Rapasan Sapu Randanan. Palindatu got married with Tangkeallo and had some children. Semba’ alias Pong Massangka, their youngest child, got title Ne’ Babu because of the death of Arie van de Loosdrecht, a Dutch missionary, on 27t December 1917, he was sent to Bogor/Nusa Kambangan. In 1930 he was returned to Tana Toraja and died 1960 when he was 120 years old (he was born in 1840). His corpse was buried in Patane and His Tau-Tau was made carved stone. They are waiting for your visit

18. RANTE KARASSIK

Uli, located in the center of the resident of Rantepao, was about ± 200 m from Makale – Rantepao Main Street. Rante Karrasik was a place where traditional funeral ceremony was held. It was for nobleman from Tongkonan Kamiri in potoksia Buntu Pune. Pong Maramba used that Rante in 19th century for traditional ceremony Rambu ‘Solo’ Rapasan Sundun for his family.

There are twelve megaliths (menhir) in this site. One of them is 7,5 m in height. All of them still stand on the ground. Menhir is a symbol that a lot of Rambu Solo’ Rapasan have been done.

19. RANTEPAO

This place has been known around the world as a center of tourism in Tana Toraja. Located 328 Km on the northern of Makassar and 800 m above sea level, It offers gleeful nights.

There are a lot of tour and travel agent (rafting in Sa’dan river or Maiting, Package tour to Tentena, Manado, Bali, etc) and souvenirs shops, which sell Torajan souvenirs such as woven cloth, statue, machete (small or big), sculpture, etc. There are four center for tourism Information, 12 luxury hotels and 60 simple hotels, some cheap guesthouse and inn for backpackers.

20. SIGUNTU

Siguntu, located in Kadudndung, Nonongan, Salanggalangi, is 5 Km from Rantepao. The object of interest to tourist in Siguntu’ is Tongkonan. It is in the hill wit a stunning view, rug of rice field in the east and Buntu Tabang hillside. This tongkonan is known as Tongkonan Tirorano, which was built by Pong Tanditulaan. Because it had been brought down and not in strategic location, his family rebuilt it and put them in Siguntu. It was open for tourist in 1973. There was traditional ceremony( Rambu Tuka’) for this Tongkonan who was attended by 60 delegations from another countries. They attended PATA conference in Jakarta in 974. Since that time, tourist has known Toraja as breath-taking object of interest

21. SILLANAN

Ma’duang Tondok is located in Mengkendek, 20 km on the northern of Makale, Sillanan.

Besides Ma’duang Tondok, there are still some of the objects of interest to tourist such as:

- Lo’ko’wai

- To’Banga

- Pangrapasan and Ma’dandan

- Tongkonan Karua Sillanan

Every site has his or her own charm to attract the tourist. Let take a look at Lo’Ko Wai. There is a baby corpse whose hair; nails, teeth and skill are still unbroken. Whereas, it has been more than 4 ½ centuries. The citizen of Ma’duang Tondok believes that corpse was the god’s son.

It is about 400 m on the southern; there are ancient tombs, which consist of pile of Erong. We also can see Carved grave around it. It has a great view. The tourist can see the tropical trees, which has stood for ages. It is used as medicine. Traditional area is still original and used for traditional ceremony. 16th century as fortress, which was used to spy the enemy. No strangers could walk into this place.

As whole, Ma’duang Tondok is a nice place to be visited. They are waiting for you.

22. SUAYA

The grave is on the side of the ill. It was carved as a place for seven kings and his family, Sanggalla palace. Tau -Tau of the kings and their family, which was given clothes based on the Torajan king traditional clothes, were put on stone grave. The stone stairs are available to go to the hill where king used to relax

23. TAMPANG ALLO

Tampang Allo or Tampangallo is a natural cave grave. Located in Kaero, Sanggala, it is full woth a lot of Erong, Tau – Tau, Skull and human Bone. In 16 century, Sang Puang manturino and his Wife Rangga Bulaan chose Tampang Allo cave as their graveyard

Rangga Bulaan who was looked after by monkey, was a beautiful girl. She died earlier and her corpse was put in Erong and then brought to inside the Tampang Allo cave.When Sang Puang Manturino died, his Erong was in Losso graveyard, not far from tampang Allo. But no one knows why Sang Puang’s Erong was empty. His corpse was put with his wife’s in Tampang Allo. Long after Sang Puang and his wife Rangga Bulaan died, Bakasiroe, the palace heirloom, was taken by Puang Musu’. He was the headman of Tongkonan Puang Kalosi. Tat time Tana Toraja was known as Tondok Lepongan Bulan Tana Matarik Allo was in a riot because of the attack of Bone Empire. The battle happened between the men and Bone army helped one of them. The loser not only had to give all their rice field and wealth but also ad to move to Madan or Buginese area.

Puang Musu’ brought Baka Siroe to Madan. When he was crossing Sadan River, someone named Karasiak killed him and took Baka Siroe. Puang Musu’ family tried to take back Baka Siroe in 1943 by doing many efforts. There was a marriage between Puang Musu family and Karasiak’s. The son was born in Pari Tangga, Baka Siroe was given to him. It was admitted that the graveyard in Tampang Allo as agreement and spouse vow “ live, die, even in grave I am with you”.

24. TILANGNGA’

Tilangnga’ (tilanga) is natural bathing place. It is located at 12 Km, on the southern of Rantepao. If the tourist want to stretch out the muscles and the nerve, they can travel around to cold pool Tilangnga’. The water is really clear, cold, cool and never get the drought. They can see a lot of fish and eels while they are bathing. The water from this site is used as PAM water for Makale resident and its environs.

25. TO’BARANA’SA’DAN

To’Barana was in Lili. It was created by the To’barana’ ancestors named Langi’ Para’ak. It became a family village 300 X 150 M in wide scale. They built family Tongkonan and it was called as To’Barana’. Puang Pong rebuilt it approximately 200 years ago in 1959. All the site and Tongkonan are inherited and now it becomes the textile mill.

Tobarana is in the side of Sa’dan River. It is called as the center of Sa’dan because To’ Barana is surrounded by Sa’dan River with S letter shape.

26. TONDON MAKALE

Located near wit Makale market, there was Tau – Tau line in front of Cave graveyard in this place. The Graveyard belongs to the noble family. Tau – Tau is statue, which describe the owner. Tau – Tau has an important role on the funeral of Nobel or headman, Tau –Tau is made of jackfruit wood. There is a traditional ceremony when it is cut. Black eyes are made of Buffalo’s bone and horn. The tourist can see Tau – Tau in stonewall graveyard.